Executive Summary | View and Download Report
Conflicts, in all its nature, have been a major impediment to national development and particularly, efforts to combat poverty. Loss of life and property, internal displacements, massive migration, re-channeling of funds to finance militarization and to counter destabilization are the common fruits of conflicts. Those who are already suffering from poverty are brought to even worst conditions as a result of internal conflicts.
The Philippines is no stranger to this situation. For decades, it has experienced conflicts in many forms in the names of religion and political differences. Armed communist insurgents and Islamic secessionist groups continue to pose a challenge to peace, stability and the long-term development of the country. This is particularly evident in the case of Mindanao.
Open conflict in Mindanao has prevented socio-economic gapos programs from achieving their goals and instead exacted heavy social and economic costs on affected communities. In fact, there are regions in Mindanao that belong to that group of regions all the country with the highest incidence of poverty.
Meanwhile, another form of conflict is said to be brewing with a sampling quite evidently shown in the May 1, 2001 so-called “uprising” of the urban poor. This manifests a latent source of conflict that is rooted in the prolonged marginalization and disenfranchisement of the urban poor
Given the severity of the situation and the extreme costs it imposes upon the country’s social and economic development, the 5th Philippines Human Development Report (5th PHDR) sets out to explore the various dimensions and major sources of conflict in the country; analyze the current dynamics that may assist to resolve or aggravate conditions; and relate these to the concept of human development and human security in the context of the country’s development strategy. The Report will likewise present the latest statistics on provincially disaggregated Human Development Indicators, Human Poverty Indicators, Gender-related Development Indicators, and Human Security Indicators. Based on these indicators, the Report will attempt to identify the provinces which are the “most peaceful and stable” as well as those that are “most vulnerable and at risk.” The theme of the 5th PHDR is Peace, Human Security and Human Development in the Philippines.
2005 PHDR Content
Cover, Design and Title page
Forewords and Acknowledgments
Chapter 1 Human Security and Armed Conflict
Chapter 2 Evolution of the Armed Confict on the Moro Front
Chapter 3 Evolution of the Armed Conflict on the Communist Front
Chapter 4 Human Development, Gender Equity and Human Poverty
Technical Notes and Statistical Annexes
Statistical Annex (Excel file)
The Cost of War in Human Dimension: The Case of Lanao del Sur
Armed Conflict in Bicol: The Price Does Not Come Cheap
Civil Society Institutional Response: Peaceful Intervention to Resolve Armed Conflicts
The AFP’s Institutional Responses to Armed Conflict: a Continuing Quest for the Right Approach
Extracting the Root to Reap the Fruit: Searching for a Possible End to Armed Conflict
Development Research News
Ideologically Motivated Conflicts in the Philippines: Exploring the Possibility of an Early Warning System
Cross-border Trade in Higher Education: What Are Our Chances?
The Bias Against Muslims: A creeping perception
Costs and Spillovers of the AFP vs NPA armed conflicts: MM-Rizal case study
1. History of Armed Conflict
a.Evolution of the Armed Conflict on the Communist Front Atty. Soliman Santos, Jr.
b.Evolution of the Armed Conflict on the Moro Front Atty. Soliman Santos, Jr.
2. Case Studies
a.Human Development, Economic and Social Costs, and Spillovers of Conflict: The Case of the Province of Lanao del Sur Yasmin Busran-Lao
b.Case Study on the Human Development and Economic Costs/Spillovers of Armed Conflict in Bicol Fr. Jovic Lobrigo et al.
c.Philippine Human Development Report 2005: Metro Manila-Rizal Case Study Dr. Noel Morada
3. Institutional Responses
a.Institutional and Politico-Administrative Responses on Armed Conflicts Dr. Alex Brillantes, Jr.
b.Institutional Response: Civil Society Miriam Coronel-Ferrer
c.Institutional Responses to Armed Conflict: The Armed Forces of the Philippines Dr. Carolina Hernandez
4. Early Warning System
a.Ideologically Motivated Conflicts in the Philippines: Exploring the Possibility of an Early Warning System Dr. Ma. Cynthia Rose Banzon Bautista
b.Ideologically Motivated Conflicts in the Philippines: In Search of Underlying Causes Rosemarie G. Edillon
5. Other Papers
a.Macroeconomic Effects of Conflict (powerpoint presentation) Geoffrey Ducanes and Mitzirose Legal
b.Notes on Macroeconomic Effects of Conflict Geoffrey Ducanes
c.Putting the Money where the Mouth is-ODA in Mindanao: A View from the Communities Marides Gardiola
d.Strengthening Dialogue and Socio-economic Development amidst Conflict in the Philippines Philip Arnold Tuano
6. Commissioned Surveys
a.Ulat ng Bayan Survey, October 21-November 8, 2006. Final Report For The Human Development Network. Public Perceptions on Muslims in the Philippines Pulse Asia
b.Ulat ng Bayan Survey, March 3-16, 2005. Final Report For The Human Development Network. Public Perceptions on Muslims in the Philippines. Pulse Asia