Geography and Human Development

The 2012 Philippine Human Development Report with the theme Geography and Human Development is the 7th in the series of Reports which began in 1994. It focuses on geography as a deep determinant of human development and examines how it is linked to human development outcomes across provinces.

View and download the report

2012/2013 Report – complete volume (ZIP file 13 MB)

2012/2013 PHDR Content

Cover & Title Page

Messages, Foreword, Acknowledgments

Contents and Abbreviations

I: Geography and human development in the Philippines

Errata (30 July 2013)

Erratum (2 April 2014)


II: Human development in Philippine provinces: 1997-2009


Technical Notes and Statistical Annexes


If provinces were countries


Highlights: Geography and human development in the Philippines

Highlights: Human Development in Philippine Provinces 1997-2009

Background Papers

Land Use Policy Impacts on Human Development in the Philippines by Arturo Corpuz

Geography and Household Employment Behavior in the Philippines (Draft) by Geoffrey Ducanes

Geography and Public Planning: Case Studies of Institutional Arrangements. Interagency Planning in the Agriculture, Agrarian Reform and Natural Resources Sector (DA, DAR, DENR) by Jude Esguerra and Nikkin Beronilla

Geography and Public Planning: Albay and Disaster Risk Management by Agnes Espinas

Models of Area-Based Convergence: Lessons from the Bicol River Basin Development Program (BRBDP) and Other Programs by Jeanne Illo

Geography, Classrooms and Policies: Inefficiencies of the Internal Government Structure by Leonardo Lanzona, Jr. (March 16, 2012)

Dauis Waterwells: A Case Study of Self-Governing Common Pool Resource Management by Marianito Luspo

Philippine Provinces: Division as Accommodation by Victorino Manalo (April 4, 2013)

Spatial Analysis of Income Growth in the Philippines: Evidence from Intra-Country Data (1988 to 2009) by Dennis Mapa, Manuel Albis, Dorcas Mae Comandante, Josephine Cura, and Ma. Maureen Ladao (April 1, 2013)

The State of the Philippine Environment: An Update on Chapter 4 of the 1994 Philippine Human Development Report by Antonia Corinthia Naz

Geography and Political Families (Draft) by Temario Rivera

Geography and Public Planning: The Sta. Rosa Watershed, A Case Study in Interlocal, Public-Private Sector Resource Management by Edgardo Tongson

The ‘Alliance of 7’: Climate Change Adaptation in the Greater Metro Manila Region by Arnold Philip Tuaño and Joselito Sescon

Mapping Philippine Agro-Ecological Zones (AEZS), Technical Notes by Manila Observatory (June 6, 2012)

Comments on “Mapping Philippine Agro-Ecological Zones (AEZS), Draft Technical Notes”